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  1. Relic: How Our Constitution Undermines Effective Government – and Why We Need a More Powerful Presidency. Basic Books. 2016 (with T. Moe).
  2. The Wartime President; Executive Influence and the Nationalizing Politics of Threat. University of Chicago Press. 2013 (with S. Jackman and J. Rogowski).
  3. Thinking about the Presidency: The Primacy of Power. Princeton University Press. 2013. (Revised paperback edition 2015).
  4. While Dangers Gather: Congressional Checks on Presidential War Powers. Princeton University Press. 2007. (Simultaneous paperback). (with J. Pevehouse)
  5. Power without Persuasion: The Politics of Direct Presidential Action. Princeton University Press. 2003. (Simultaneous paperback).
  6. The Education Gap: Vouchers and Urban Schools. Brookings Institution Press. 2002. (Revised paperback edition 2006). (with P. Peterson)
  7. The Oxford Handbook of the U.S. Presidency. Oxford University Press. 2009. (with G. Edwards)
  8. Besieged: School Boards and the Future of Education Politics. Brookings Institution Press. 2005.
  9. An American Presidency: Institutional Foundations of Executive Politics, 2016. Pearson Longman.
  10. Understanding American Politics and Government, 3rd Edition, 2012. Pearson Longman. 1st Edition, 2008, 2nd, 2010, (with J. Coleman and K. Goldstein)


  1. “Presidential Prescriptions for State Policy: Obama’s Race to the Top Initiative.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, forthcoming. (with A. Magazinnik).
  2. Distributive Politics and Legislator Ideology.” Journal of Politics. 78(1): 214-231. 2016. (with D. Alexander and C. Berry)
  3. Voting For The President: The Supreme Court During War.” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization. 30(1): 39-71. 2014. (with F. Ahmed)
  4. Interbranch Negotiations over Policies with Multiple Outcomes.” American Journal of Political Science. 57(4): 956-970. 2013 (with S. Jackman)
  5. “Political Elites and Public Support for War.” In L. Dodd and B. Oppenheimer, Congress Reconsidered, Vol. 10. Congressional Quarterly Press. 2013. (with D. Kriner)
  6. War, the Presidency, and Legislative Voting Behavior.” American Journal of Political Science. 57(1): 150-166. 2013. (with J. Rogowski)
  7. The Wartime President: Insights, Lessons, and Opportunities for Continued Investigation.” Presidential Studies Quarterly. 42(4): 791-810. 2012. (with S. Jackman, and J. Rogowski)
  8. Presidential Power in War.” Annual Review of Political Science. 14: 89-105. 2011.
  9. “A Restoration of Balance? A Critical Examination of the Proposed War Powers Consultation Act.” In D. Dunn, The Presidency in the 21st Century. University Press of Kentucky. 2011.
  10. The President and the Distribution of Federal Spending.” American Political Science Review. 104(4): 783-99. 2011. (with C. Berry and B. Burden)
  11. After Enactment: The Lives and Deaths of Federal Programs.” American Journal of Political Science. 54(1): 1-17. 2010. (with C. Berry and B. Burden)
  12. Wartime Judgments of Presidential Power: Striking Down but Not Back.” Minnesota Law Review. 93(5): 1778-1819. 2009.
  13. “War’s Contributions to Presidential Power.” In G. Edwards and W. Howell (eds), Handbook of the American Presidency. Oxford University Press. 2009. (with T. Johnson)
  14. Congress, the President, and the Iraq War’s Domestic Political Front.” In L. Dodd and B. Oppenheimer, Congress Reconsidered, Vol. 9. Congressional Quarterly Press. 2009. (with D. Kriner)
  15. Executive Influence in Foreign versus Domestic Policy Making: Toward a Broader Understanding of Presidential Power.” Journal of Politics. 70(1): 1-16. 2008. (with B. Canes-Wrone and D. Lewis)
  16. Education Policy, Academic Research, and Public Opinion.” In F. Hess (ed), When Research Matters: How Scholarship Influences Education Policy. Harvard Education Press. 2008.
  17. Accountability and Local Elections: Rethinking Retrospective Voting.” Journal of Politics. 69(3): 844-858. 2007. (with C. Berry)
  18. Bending So as Not to Break: What the Bush Presidency Reveals about the Politics of Unilateral Action.” In G. Edwards and D. King (eds), The Polarized Presidency of George W. Bush. Oxford University Press. 2007. (with D. Kriner)
  19. Power without Persuasion: Identifying Executive Influence.” In B. Rockman and R. Waterman (eds), Presidential Leadership: The Vortex of Power. Oxford University Press. 2007. (with D. Kriner)
  20. Executives: The American Presidency.” In S. Binder, R. Rhodes, and B. Rockman (eds), Handbook of Political Institutions. Oxford University Press. 2006. An updated version of this essay appeared as: Howell, W. 2009. “Quantitative Approaches to Studying the Presidency.” In G. Edwards and W. Howell (eds), Handbook of the American Presidency. Oxford University Press.
  21. Switching Schools? A Closer Look at Parents’ Initial Interest in and Knowledge About the Choice Provisions of No Child Left Behind.” Peabody Journal of Education. 81(1): 140-179. 2006. Modified version also published as Pioneer Institute for Public Policy Research White Paper No. 22, November 2004.
  22. Presidents, Congress, and the Use of Force.” International Organization. 59(1): 209-232. 2005. (J. Pevehouse)
  23. Unilateral Powers: A Brief Overview.” Presidential Studies Quarterly. 35(3): 417-439. 2005.
  24. The Last 100 Days.” Presidential Studies Quarterly. 35(3): 533-553. 2005. (with K. Mayer)
  25. Power without Persuasion: Rethinking Foundations of Executive Influence.” In G. Edwards (ed), Readings on Presidential Politics. Wadsworth Press. 2005.
  26. Separation of Powers and the Use of Military Force.” In A. Mintz and B. Russet (eds), New Directions for International Relations. Lexington Press. 2005. (with J. Pevehouse)
  27. Accountability in Public Education.” In W. Howell (editor), Besieged: School Boards and the Future of Education Politics. Brookings Institution Press. 2005. (with C. Berry)
  28. Dynamic Selection Effects in Urban, Means-Tested School Voucher Programs.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. 22(3): 225-250. 2004.
  29. Uses of Theory in Randomized Field Trials: Lessons from School Voucher Research on Disaggregation, Missing Data, and the Generalization of Findings.” The American Behavioral Scientist. 47(5): 634-657. 2004. (with P. Peterson)
  30. Efficiency, Bias, and Classification Schemes: Estimating Private-School Impacts on Test Scores in the New York City Voucher Experiment.” The American Behavioral Scientist. 47(5): 699-717. 2004. (with P. Peterson)
  31. Thunderous Clouds, No Rain: NCLB in Worcester, Massachusetts.” In F. Hess and C. Finn (eds.), Leaving No Child Behind? Options for Kids in Failing Schools. Palgrave Macmillan. 2004.
  32. Parents, Choice, and the Future of NCLB.” In F. Hess and C. Finn (eds.), Leaving No Child Behind? Options for Kids in Failing Schools. Palgrave Macmillan. 2004.
  33. School Vouchers: Results from Randomized Experiments.” In C. Hoxby (ed.), The Economic Analysis of School Choice, University of Chicago Press. 2003. (with P. Peterson, P. Wolf, and D. Campbell)
  34. Agencies by Presidential Design.” Journal of Politics. 64(4): 1095-1114. 2002. (with D. Lewis)
  35. School Vouchers and Academic Performance: Results from Three Randomized Field Trials.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. 21(2): 191-218. 2002. (with P. Wolf, D. Campbell, and P. Peterson)
  36. Exploring Explanations for Ethnic Differences of Vouchers on Student Test Scores.” In T. Loveless and J. Chubb (eds.), Bridging the Achievement Gap, Brookings Institution Press. 2002. (with P. Peterson)
  37. School Vouchers’ Impact on Student Achievement.” In P. Peterson and D. Campbell (eds.), Charter Schools, Vouchers, and Public Education, Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution Press. 2001. (with P. Wolf, P. Peterson, and D. Campbell)
  38. Divided Government and the Legislative Productivity of Congress, 1945-1994.” Legislative Studies Quarterly. 25(2): 285-312. 2000. (with S. Adler, C. Cameron, and C. Riemann)
  39. When Low-Income Students Move from Public to Private Schools.” In D. Ravitch and J. Viteritti (eds.), City Schools: Lessons from New York, Johns Hopkins University Press. 2000. (with P. Peterson)
  40. A Theory of Unilateral Action.” Presidential Studies Quarterly. 29(4): 850-871. 1999. (with T. Moe)
  41. The Presidential Power of Unilateral Action.” Journal of Law, Economics and Organizations. 15(1): 132-179. 1999. (with T. Moe)
  42. The Effects of School Choice in New York City.” In S. Mayer and P. Peterson (eds.), Earning and Learning: How Schools Matter, Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution Press. 1999. (with P. Peterson, D. Myers, and D. Mayer)
  43. The Politics of Race: The Nature of Public Argument.” In D. Sears, L. Bobo and J. Sidanius (eds.), Racialized Politics: Values, Ideology, and Prejudice in American Public Opinion, University of Chicago Press. 1999. (with P. Sniderman and G. Crosby)
  44. A Test of Alternative Interpretations of the Contemporary Politics of Race: A Critical Examination of Divided by Color.” Revue Frančaise de Science Politique. 49(2): 265-293. 1999. (with P. Sniderman, E. Carmines and W. Morgan)
  45. Lessons from the Cleveland Scholarship Program.” In P. Peterson and B. Hassel (eds.), Learning from School Choice, Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution Press. 1998. (with J. Greene and P. Peterson)
  46. The Career Beliefs of Homeless Veterans: Vocational Attitudes as Indicators of Employability.” Journal of Career Assessment. 5(1): 47-59. 1997. (with H. Porat and G. Marshall)


  1. Howell, W., E. Porter, and T. Wood. “The Rituals of the Presidency Make Trump Seem More Presidential.”, March 20, 2017.
  2. Book review of J. Farrell’s, Richard Nixon:The Life. San Francisco Chronicle. March 17, 2017.
  3. Trump’s ‘Presidential Tone’ Is Meaningless: Judge Him by how He Governs.” Prospect Magazine. March 2, 2017. (With T. Moe).
  4. A Word of Thanks to George Edwards.” PS: Political Science & Politics, 2017, 50(1): 68-70.
  5. Unilateral Politics Revisited (and Revised) under Trump.” Princeton University Press blog. February 6, 2017.
  6. America’s Antiquated Constitution.” Prospect Magazine. February 2, 2017. (with T. Moe).
  7. Donald Trump’s President Will Be a Stress-Test for American Politics.” LSE USAPP. Dec. 29, 2016.
  8. After Trump.” Boston Review. December 6, 2016.
  9. Riggin’ Ironic: Most Americans Voted for Clinton.” November 11, 2016.
  10. On the Presidency.” On the Ideal State. August 1, 2016.
  11. Conservatives and Constitutional Change.” Defining Ideas, June 23, 2016. (with T. Moe).
  12. Our Outdated Constitution.Defining Ideas, June 2, 2016. (with T. Moe).
  13. Fix the Broken U.S. Government with ‘Fast Track.’” May 24, 2016. (with T. Moe)
  14. It’s so much worse than just Paul Ryan vs Nancy Pelosi: This is why Congress is a disaster.” April 23, 2016.
  15. Results of President Obama’s Race to the Top.” Education Next. July 14, 2015.
  16. Executive Secrecy.” Boston Review. July 1, 2015. (Book Review with M. Zeisberg)
  17. Rahm Emanuel’s Victory Reflects Chicago Politics, Not a Blueprint for Democratic Party.” The Conversation. April 8, 2015.
  18. “Presidential Power.” Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences.
  19. N. Young. Why We Fight: Congress and the Politics of World War II. Journal of Interdisciplinary History. Winter 2014. (Book Review)
  20. A Question of Power.The American Legion Magazine. June, 2014.
  21. The House’s Assault on the Presidency Has no Teeth.U.S. News and World Report. March 21, 2014.
  22. “Information Fuels Support for School Reform.” Education Next. 14(2): 26-35. (with M. Henderson and P. Peterson)
  23. “Enhanced Presidential Proposal Power: Con.” In R. Ellis and M. Nelson (eds.), Debating Reform: Conflicting Perspectives on How to Fix the American Political System, 3rd Edition. Congressional Quarterly Press. (with T. Moe)
  24. The Syria Effect.” September 8, 2013. (with S. Jackman, and J. Rogowski)
  25. A. Polsky. Elusive Victories: The American Presidency at War. Political Science Quarterly. September 3, 2013. (Book Review)
  26. Count on Congress: The Logic of Handing Syria Over to the Lawmakers.” Foreign Affairs. September 3, 2013.
  27. All Syria Policy is Local.” Foreign Policy. September 3, 2013.
  28. The Not-So-Imperial Presidency of Barak Obama.” August 7, 2013.
  29. Amid Reform Fatigue, a Crying Need for Leadership on Education.” Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. May 4, 2013. (with G. Lightbourn)
  30. Just as the Framers Intended.” New York Times, “Room for Debate.” September 21, 2012.
  31. What Romney Needs to Say to Win.” August 29, 2012.
  32. Teachers Unions have a Popularity Problem.” Wall Street Journal. June 4, 2012. (with P. Peterson and M. West)
  33. R. Caro. The Passage of Power: The Years of Lyndon Johnson. San Francisco Chronicle, May 11, 2012. (Book Review)
  34. All Eyes on Social Security.” September 12, 2011.
  35. “The president is the best bet to find way out of deadlock.” July 9, 2011.
  36. G. Krutz and J. Peake. Treaty Politics and the Rise of Executive Agreements: International Commitments in a System of Shared Powers. Perspectives on Politics. 2011. 9(2): 489-90. (Book Review)
  37. G. Dunn. The Lies of Sarah Palin. San Francisco Chronicle. May 15, 2011. (Book Review)
  38. “How did we get to the brink of shutdown?” April 8, 2011.
  39. “For Obama and Libya, Now the Tricky Part.” March 28, 2011.
  40. D. Rumsfeld. Known and Unknown: A Memoir. San Francisco Chronicle. February 20, 2011 (Book Review)
  41. Meeting of the Minds, Results from the Fourth Annual Education Next-PEPG Survey.” Education Next. 11(1): 20-31. (with M. West and P. Peterson)
  42. “War Powers Consultation Act: Con.” In R. Ellis and M. Nelson (eds.), Debating the Presidency. Congressional Quarterly Press. Also appeared in 2nd Edition, published in 2012.
  43. “The Persuadable Public, Results from the Third Annual Education Next-PEPG Survey.” Education Next. 9(4). (with M. West and P. Peterson)
  44. J. Yoo. Crisis and Command: A History of Executive Power from George Washington to George W. Bush. San Francisco Chronicle. January 31, 2010, p. FE-4. (Book Review)
  45. D. Lewis, The Politics of Presidential Appointments: Political Control and Bureaucratic Performance. Political Science Quarterly, 2010. 125(1): 183-85. (Book Review)
  46. Educating the Public.” Education Next. 9(3): 40-47. 2009. (with M. West)
  47. “In War, Politics Is a Lethal Weapon.” Chicago Tribune. September 7, 2008. (with J. Pevehouse)
  48. What Americans Think about their Schools, Results from the Second Annual Education Next-PEPG Survey.” Education Next. 8(4): 12-27. 2008. (with M. West and P. Peterson)
  49. Is the Price Right? Probing Americans’ Understanding of Education Spending.” Education Next. 8(3): 36-41. (with M. West)
  50. Accountability Lost: Student Learning only Sometimes a Factor in School Board Elections.” Education Next. 8(1): 66-72. (with C. Berry)
  51. “When Congress Stops Wars.” Foreign Affairs. 86(5): 95-108. (with J. Pevehouse)
  52. What Americans Think about their Schools.” Education Next. 7(4): 12-26. (with M. West and P. Peterson)
  53. Will Bush’s War Policy Be Tamed by New Congress?Chicago Tribune. January 8, 2007, p. 15.
  54. “School Vouchers.” International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. Ed. W. Darity. Vol. 7. 2nd ed. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA. 2007. (with E. Llaudet)
  55. M. Berkman and E. Plutzer, Ten thousand Democracies: Politics and Public Opinion in America’s School Districts. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory. 2006. (Book Review)
  56. “Political Checks on a Politicized Presidency: A Response to Neal Katyal’s ‘Internal Separation of Powers.’” Yale Law Journal Pocket Part. 2006.
  57. “School Boards Surrounded.” American School Board Journal. 192(5): 24-37. 2005.
  58. “School Boards Besieged.” Education Week, March 9, 2005.
  59. Grey Lady Wheezing: The AFT Hoodwinks the Times.” Education Next. Winter. 5(1): 74-77. 2005 (with M. West)
  60. Dog Eats AFT Homework.” Wall Street Journal. August 18, 2004. P. A10. (with M. West and P. Peterson)
  61. One Child at a Time.” Education Next. 4(3): 26-31. Also published in P. Peterson (ed.), Using Competition to Improve America’s Schools: Promises and Pitfalls. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. 2004.
  62. J. Huber and C. Shipan (2003), Deliberate Discretion? Congress and the Presidency. Congress and the Presidency. 30(1): 103-105. (Book Review)
  63. P. Cooper (2002), By Order of the President: the Use and Abuse of Executive Direct Action. Political Science Quarterly. 118(1): 133-34. (Book Review)
  64. Voucher Research Controversy: New Looks at the New York City Evaluation.” Education Next. 4(2): 73-78. (with P. Peterson)
  65. “Executive Power of Removal.” Dictionary of American History. 2002. Charles Scribner’s Sons.
  66. H. Brighouse (2000), School Choice and Social Justice. Constitutional Political Economy. December, 2001. 12(4): 375-378. (Book Review)
  67. The Data Vacuum.” Education Next. 2(2): 79-83. 2002.
  68. “School Choice in Three Cities.” Education Matters. 1(2): 48-54. Also published in P. Peterson (ed.), Using Competition to Improve America’s Schools: Promises and Pitfalls. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. 2001. (with P. Wolf, P. Peterson, and D. Campbell)
  69. J. Aberbach and B. Rockman (2000), In the Web of Politics: Three Decades of the U.S. Federal Executive. Congress and the Presidency. Autumn, 2001. 28(2): 221-223. (Book Review)
  70. “In Defense of Our Voucher Research.” Education Week. February 7, 2001. (with P. Wolf, P. Peterson, and D. Campbell)
  71. “Good Motives Are Not Enough.” Education Week. October 20, 1998. (with P. Peterson and J. Greene)